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Allergic Conjunctivitis: Causes, and Symptoms

Allergic Conjunctivitis:

Causes, and Symptoms

Allergic Conjunctivitis: Causes, and Symptoms
Allergic Conjunctivitis: Causes, and Symptoms

What is allergic conjunctivitis?

Conjunctiva is a thin transparent film covering the white part of the eye. In conjunctiva swelling (reaction) in response to some troubled element in the environment or allergens is called Allergic Conjunctivitis. The most common are allergens dust, pollen (grass, weed, tree), mold (some fungal seeds) and dander (animal skin/skin of the shade skin).
Allergic Conjunctivitis is usually divided into different categories, and Vernal Kerato-conjunctivitis is one of the most serious forms of seasonal allergic conjugation, which affects children especially. It usually starts late in childhood and is more common in boys than girls. It usually lasts between 5-10 years and is rarely seen after the age of 30 and is also prevalent in tropical and temperate climates.

What are the Allergic 

Conjunctivitis symptoms?

  • Itching: The excitation of itching in the eye is the most common symptom of Allergic Conjunctivitis. Without itching it is less likely that one person is suffering from allergic conjunctivitis.
  • Burning sensation
  • Redness
  • Watering
  • Stringy discharge
  • Puffy eyelids
  • Sensitivity to light
Generally, these symptoms are present in both eyes, although the severity in each eye may vary. This affects people of all ages, although children and young adults look more common in adults. Occasionally, Allergic Conjunctivitis can be a part of the generalized allergic reaction in the body. With eye problems, the patient may have:
  • Running nose: This is called allergic rhino-conjunction
  • Wheezing: Asthma
  • Skin rash: Urticaria (especially with mold allergy), eczema

Why do some people have this problem all through the year and some have only during a particular season?

Some people suffer from Allergic Conjunctivitis for the whole year (perennial allergic conjugation). It is mostly seen in the response of allergens to dust kites, animal dander, indoor and outdoor mold spares and sometimes food or food additives. Some suffer during certain seasons like spring, fall etc. Generally due to pollution and dry air that is released in the air during that season, which floats freely in the atmosphere. During the rain, the pollen settles down, so patients feel symptom-free.

How is Allergic Conjunctivitis treated?

If possible, it is best to identify allergens and stay away from it. Many immunological tests are available to potentially identify them, but generally, patients/parents themselves can identify the cause. As if a house is sensitive to dust kites, then these measures can help: By using pillows and mattresses inhibition, washing the carpet, washing the bed in hot water etc. If a child is sensitive with dust, then wearing glasses may be helpful during the game. Some simple remedies, such as cleaning the eyes with cold water or cold compression, are generally sufficient for mild cases. But for serious cases, medication is essential.

Common medications (eye drops) used to treat Allergic Conjunctivitis:
  1. Topical lubricants: These help flush allergens from the eye
  2. Antihistamines: Histamine is one of the main mediators of inflammation. This drug works against histamine.
  3. Mast cell stabilizers: These medications ‘quieten’ the mast cells, which release histamine
  4. Steroids: These are effective in relieving symptoms quickly, but there are significant side effects as well as cataract formation, glaucoma and cornea, and conjunctive infections. Therefore these drops (or any eye falls for that matter) should be taken only under appropriate medical supervision.

Why does this problem keep recurring?

The person is prone to Allergic Conjunctivitis if his body's immune system does not respond well to any particular substance in the environment. With the drug, it is very difficult to change this basic tendency of the immune system permanently.

If the allergen is known, then immunotherapy for that particular allergy can continually benefit some patients with severe allergic conjugation. The goal of medical treatment is to basically reduce the symptoms of patients, to maintain the least possible side. 

Effects of medicines and to maintain a good quality of life. The patient and the parent need to understand it well. To reduce symptoms, after preventive measures by Allergic Conjunctivitis patients:
  • Try to identify the allergen and reduce exposure as much as possible
  • Try to avoid rubbing eyes
  • Avoid self-medication
  • To reduce allergies, wash your linings, pillows, and towels in hot water and detergent.
  • Avoid wearing eye makeup and don't share eye makeup with anyone else.
  • Never wear another person's contact lens.


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