Eyes Disease in a child Ten Common Signs, and Symptoms? - Essential For Health -Health Tips For Your Healthy Lifestyle


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Eyes Disease in a child Ten Common Signs, and Symptoms?

Eyes Disease in a child Ten Common Signs, 

and Symptoms?

Eyes Disease in a child Ten Common Signs, and Symptoms?
Eyes Disease in a child Ten Common Signs, and Symptoms?

Children tend to suffer from a large variety of eye diseases ailments. On an average one out of every five children gets afflicted from these ones or the other eye condition in early childhood and infancy.

Refractive errors (glass power), lazy eye, cataracts, squint (misalignment of the eyes), allergic conjunctivitis and bacterial conjunctivitis are some of the most common eye conditions. A few of these can have far-reaching visual complications (cataracts, retinal conditions, lazy eye), or else can have serious implications such as cancers of the eye.
Even though very common, a large majority of the eye conditions often go unnoticed and are easily missed by the parents, relatives, and their teachers. This is due to the fact the children may fail to express themselves and the parents/ relatives may be unaware of their condition.
However, knowledge of the symptoms and signs of the common eye diseases conditions may help suspect a possible eye condition early in the course and hence help provide early treatment. This article suggests the symptoms and signs of common eye conditions in children.

  1. Blurring of vision, watching objects and television from a very close distance. These observations made by parents could signify the presence of an underlying refractive error. Such children may also ignore the objects such as toys beyond a particular distance and if the child tries to make the eyeballs small while reading or making the objects. In little older children, headaches and eye strain after moderate reading work can signify the need for the eyeglasses.
  2. Headaches and eyes strain is again is one of most common complaints in children. If these symptoms occur following reading work or watching television for moderate or prolonged times, these are highly suggestive of underlying refractive errors in eyes, imbalance of the muscles of the eye and sometimes underlying squint in the eye. A detailed eye checkup by a specialist can easily detect these conditions. Proper use of eyeglasses, special exercises for muscle weakness and sometimes surgical treatment for squint may help relieve the problems.
  3. Rubbing of the eyes, redness, watering, and discharge from the eyes identify allergic eye disease, commonly referred to allergic conjunctivitis. Although it may be as seasonal or present all throughout the year in some of the children, it can be easily suspected if there is a history of frequent rubbing of the eyes along with redness and watering in the eyes. Usually, there is a mild swelling of the eyelids, redness of the eyes and a small discharge in the eyes. Sometimes there may be the presence of a foamy swelling around the cornea (a central black portion of the eyes). it usually responds well to medical treatment, although sometimes long-term treatment may be needed.
  4. Swelling in the eyelids, watering, discharge, sticking of the eyelids and photophobia signify the presence of infections in the eye and eyelids. An important point to remember is that while in the ocular allergies the discharge tends to mild, it tends to copious in the infections in the eye. Sometimes infections of the eye may also be associated with the development of body fever.
  5. Whitish opacity in the eye could signify the presence of many conditions a corneal scar, cataract, retinal degenerations, and even eye cancer, retinoblastoma.

    Presence of a whitish opacity on the cornea (the central transparent portion of the eye) may suggest a possible corneal scar that may result from an infection, trauma, due to other hereditary eye conditions.

    Similarly, the presence of a whitish opacity in the eye could signify the presence of a cataract. It may be associated with a blurry vision for distant objects in the older children and in the infants; it may lead even to lack of eye contact and response to parents. If advanced the whitish opacity can be easily recognized by the parents. In some children, if delayed it may be associated with squint and nystagmus (shaking of the eyeballs).

    A whitish opacity is in one or both eyes in an infant or small child may also be due to retinal developmental problems or retinoblastoma (a life-threatening cancer of the eyes). In such situation, usually, the parents may complain of a cat’s eye reflex i.e. a bright whitish shadow seen in eye especially in the dark light. Thus the presence of a white reflex in the eye needs an urgent/ detailed eye treatment.
  6. Watering, photophobia (inability to open eyes in the bright light) is associated with the haziness of the central portion of the eyes, or an associated bluish discoloration of the eyeballs may suggest the development of congenital glaucoma in eyes. If this treated early in infancy it can prevent permanent visual loss due to damage to the nerve of the eyeball.
  7. Children with a squint (deviation of the eyeballs), shaking of the eyeballs or tendency to keep the head to one side may have a problem with the eye movements. Such conditions may signify an underlying eye or brain problem as well. As we notice above that, squint may also be a late presentation of conditions like cataract, refractive error, lazy, eye.
  8. Exceptionally fair skin and hair along with shaking of the eyeballs may suggest albinism, a condition determines by the absence of the pigment responsible for skin, hair, or eyes. Such children usually have photophobia and difficulty in vision.
  9. Photophobia (inability to open the eyes in bright light) can be a symptom of underlying glaucoma, infections of the eye, albinism and other retinal conditions. Early identification may help diagnose these conditions early and maximize the visual potential of the child.
  10. Asymmetry of the two eyes may signify the presence of a difference in the size of the eyeballs of each eye or a difference in the eyelid position. This falling of the upper eyelid (ptosis) may be by birth or maybe occur by an eye injury. It can usually be corrected by a small surgical procedure, however, if left untreated can lead to the development of a special refractive error and a lazy eye.
Early identification and prompt referral of the children eye with above-mentioned conditions may help the children eye get timely treatment. We hope that this article shall enable the parents, teachers, and relatives to recognize the common eye conditions in children and help them get necessary eye treatment and treatment early in the course of the disease.


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