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Glaucoma, the Sneak Thief of Eyesight

Glaucoma, the Sneak Thief of EyeSight


Glaucoma, the Sneak Thief of Eyesight
Glaucoma, the Sneak Thief of Eyesight

Glaucoma is a disease that affects the optic nerve of the eye and is characterized by the shrinkage of the area of vision. In India, 11.2 million is estimated to be affected by the disease, 1.1 million blinds have been provided.


Worrying is that about 90% glaucoma is not known in the community, because in most cases, there is no symptom until people experience loss of sight. This is the reason that glaucoma is also known as the 'stealth thief of vision'.

The important thing is that the optic nerve cannot be harmed so the sight once lost due to glaucoma can not be reversed. But if detected early, sight loss can be avoided, or delay may occur. Therefore, it is extremely important to go through full-eyed examinations on a regular basis, especially if someone has a family history of glaucoma, high blood pressure, diabetes or has been injured in the eye, or is over 40 years of age.

Of the various risk factors for the development of glaucoma, there is a growing pressure inside the most important treatment able eyes, called intraocular pressure (IOP).

A complete eye test to detect glaucoma includes:

To investigate all the structures of the eye, a thin lamp biomechanoscopy evaluation,

IOP measurement using a tool called tonometer
An examination of the state of the drainage channels of the eye using a device called gonioscope; 

and
An examination of the state of the drainage channels of the eye using a device called gonioscope;

 and
To control IOP, normal treatment happens with droplets, and sometimes, laser treatment. Trabeculectomy surgery can be determined to make an alternative route for fluid out of the eye, but surgery is not a cure, and it is extremely important to undergo regular checkup after surgery.

Remember, glaucoma is potentially dark. Therefore, if diagnosed, you have to do regular and lifelong treatment to prevent the progress of glaucoma damage. Ask your doctor's eye all your questions and doubts. Staying informed can help you deal with 'the thief of thieves'!


Signs and symptoms of Glaucoma


Open-angle glaucoma is painless and does not have acute attacks, thus reduction of obvious symptoms makes screening through regular eye check-up. The only signal is progressive visual field loss, and optic nerve changes (increase in the cup-to-disk ratio in the fundoscopic examination).



About 10% of acute angle closed acute angle closures, suddenly featuring ocular pain, Halo, red eye around light, very high intraocular pressure (> 30 mmHg), nausea and vomiting, decreased suddenly, And a definite, mid-dated student. It is also associated with oval students in some cases. Acute angle closure is an emergency.



Glaucoma may have opaque specks in the lens, which are known as glaukomflecken.









    

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